Threat Update: Dorkbot and OpenSSL Update
December 4, 2015
The Dorkbot botnet is used to steal online payment information, support denial of service (DDos) attacks and deliver malware. Microsoft has confirmed that this family of malware has infected more than one million computers in over 190 countries this year.
The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in collaboration with the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and Microsoft, have released the Technical Alert below to provide further information about Dorkbot. Please review the advisory below:
Dorkbot-infected systems are used by cyber criminals to steal sensitive information (such as user account credentials), launch denial-of-service (DoS) attacks, disable security protection, and distribute several malware variants to victims’ computers. Dorkbot is commonly spread via malicious links sent through social networks instant message programs or through infected USB devices.
In addition, Dorkbot’s backdoor functionality allows a remote attacker to exploit infected system. According to Microsoft’s analysis, a remote attacker may be able to:
- Download and run a file from a specified URL;
- Collect logon information and passwords through form grabbing, FTP, POP3, or Internet Explorer and Firefox cached login details; or
- Block or redirect certain domains and websites (e.g., security sites).
A system infected with Dorkbot may be used to send spam, participate in DDoS attacks, or harvest users' credentials for online services, including banking services.
Users are advised to take the following actions to remediate Dorkbot infections:
- Use and maintain anti-virus software – Anti-virus software recognizes and protects your computer against most known viruses. Even though Dorkbot is designed to evade detection, security companies are continuously updating their software to counter these advanced threats. Therefore, it is important to keep your anti-virus software up-to-date. If you suspect you may be a victim of Dorkbot, update your anti-virus software definitions and run a full-system scan. (See Understanding Anti-Virus Software for more information.)
- Change your passwords – Your original passwords may have been compromised during the infection, so you should change them. (See Choosing and Protecting Passwords for more information.)
- Keep your operating system and application software up-to-date – Install software patches so that attackers cannot take advantage of known problems or vulnerabilities. You should enable automatic updates of the operating system if this option is available. (See Understanding Patches for more information.)
- Use anti-malware tools – Using a legitimate program that identifies and removes malware can help eliminate an infection. Users can consider employing a remediation tool (see example below) to help remove Dorkbot from their systems.
- Disable Autorun – Dorkbot tries to use the Windows Autorun function to propagate via removable drives (e.g., USB flash drive). You can disable Autorun to stop the threat from spreading.
- Microsoft Malware Protection Center – Worm: Win32/Dorkbot Microsoft
- Malware Protection Center – Microsoft assists law enforcement to help disrupt Dorkbot botnets
OpenSSL has released updates to patch multiple vulnerabilities in order to avoid a Denial of Service condition. Updates available include:
- OpenSSL 1.0.2e for 1.0.2 users
- OpenSSL 1.0.1q for 1.0.1 users
- OpenSSL 1.0.0t for 1.0.0 users
- OpenSSL 0.9.8zh for 0.9.8 users
Please review the OpenSSL Security Advisory and apply the necessary updates.
Herjavec Group circulates US – Cert advisories as this notification warrants attention and may have significance to your Enterprise network environment. If the following advisory is applicable to your environment, Herjavec Group recommends your IT team review the technical details included and monitor your environment for any susceptible systems. Herjavec Group’s analysts are working with applicable vendor partners to apply detection and mitigration strategies where appropriate. For Managed Services customers, our Managed Services team will engage with the appropriate technical contacts in your respective organizations directly to provide alerts, escalations, actions and or reports based our service agreement with you. If you have questions or concerns, please engage your Herjavec Group account representative directly or contact Herjavec Group.